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You have a bitter mouth in the presence of an unpleasant sense of bitterness that concerns the oral cavity without food intake.

Bitter mouth can be caused by trauma, infection or inflammation as well as by taking certain medications. At the origin of this disorder there may also be some diseases such as: gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux, gallstones, peptic ulcer, hiatal hernia and stomach cancer.

The sense of bitterness in the mouth can be eliminated by intervening on the underlying cause. In the case of gastroesophageal reflux and in other cases it may be sufficient to intervene on one’s diet or adopt an appropriate lifestyle to reduce its effects.

A situation characterized by bitter mouth must be communicated to your doctor when it lasts for more than 2/3 days.

In Humanitas Castelli Bergamo the reference medical area for bitter mouth is the gastroenterology and digestive endoscopy service.

Also referred to as “stomatopyrosis”, burning in the mouth is a disorder that manifests itself with a sense of inflammation – more or less generalized – within the oral cavity. Burning in the mouth may be characterized by the presence of other symptoms, including the sensation of having a dry mouth, a more or less general pain in the mouth, a bitter and / or metallic taste in the mouth, a tingling or numbness of one or more areas within the oral cavity. There are several causes that may be at the base such as, for example, gastroesophageal reflux (when it is particularly strong the burning can be felt up to the oral cavity), burns (caused, for example, by the introduction of excessively food or drink into the mouth hot), the presence of various types of diseases affecting the oral mucosa (aphthosis, candida, cold sores), the presence of allergies (food or contact). Psychological (such as anxiety and stress) and emotional (shyness) factors can also influence the onset of this disorder.

Among the pathologies associated with burning in the mouth are: psychological factors (anxiety, depression or stress), gastritis, cold sores, gastroesophageal reflux, burns, aphthosis, food allergies, contact allergies, dry mouth (xerostomia), candida, diabetes. It is always good, in the presence of the disorder, to ask for a consultation with your doctor, especially if symptoms persist.

There is no targeted therapy for burning mouth. Usually the condition regresses once the underlying disease is successfully treated and of which the burning is only a symptom. However – and always with the advice of your doctor – applications of antiseptic and refreshing oils and gels could help. To get relief, you can then put into practice some home remedies such as, for example, putting a piece of ice in the mouth (the intense cold cools and at the same time numbs the mouth, reducing the burning sensation), drinking water (little and often ), drink a glass of cold milk in small sips accompanied by a teaspoon of honey.

In the event that the disorder does not hint to regress within a short time interval or in the presence of one of the associated pathologies, it is advisable to contact your doctor for a consultation.

Retrosternal burning is a disorder that manifests itself with a sensation of inflammation behind the sternum, which is the bone placed in the anterior chest wall between the two clavicles and the first seven pairs of ribs that are articulated with it. The burning sensation that characterizes it is often associated with the reflux of gastric juices which – from inside the stomach – return towards the esophagus, causing the burning sensation. Unlike the mucous membrane of the stomach, in fact, the mucous membrane of the esophagus is unable to tolerate the acidity of gastric juices.